8th Grade ELAR TEKS:
8.1: Students read grade-level text with fluency and comprehension. Students are expected to:
8.1A: Adjust fluency when reading aloud grade-level text based on the reading purpose and the nature of the text.
8.2: Students understand new vocabulary and use it when reading and writing. Students are expected to:
8.2A: Determine the meaning of grade-level academic English words derived from Latin, Greek, or other linguistic roots
8.2B: Use context (within a sentence and in larger sections of text) to determine or clarify the meaning of unfamiliar or
ambiguous words or words with novel meanings.
8.2C: Complete analogies that describe a function or its description (e.g., pen:paper as chalk: ______ or soft:kitten as
8.2D: Identify common words or word parts from other languages that are used in written English (e.g., phenomenon,
charisma, chorus, passé, flora, fauna).
8.2E: Use a dictionary, a glossary, or a thesaurus (printed or electronic) to determine the meanings, syllabication,
pronunciations, alternate word choices, and parts of speech of words.
Theme and Genre
8.3: Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about theme and genre in different cultural, historical, and contemporary contexts and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
8.3A: Analyze literary works that share similar themes across cultures.
8.3B: Compare and contrast the similarities and differences in mythologies from various cultures (e.g., ideas of afterlife,
roles and characteristics of deities, purposes of myths).
8.3C: Explain how the values and beliefs of particular characters are affected by the historical and cultural setting of the
8.4: Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of poetry and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
8.4A: Compare and contrast the relationship between the purpose and characteristics of different poetic forms (e.g., epic poetry,
8.5: Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of drama and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
8.5A: Analyze how different playwrights characterize their protagonists and antagonists through the dialogue and staging of their plays.
8.6: Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of fiction and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
8.6A: Analyze linear plot developments (e.g., conflict, rising action, falling action, resolution, subplots) to determine whether and how conflicts are resolved.
8.6B: Analyze how the central characters' qualities influence the theme of a fictional work and resolution of the central conflict.
8.6C: Analyze different forms of point of view, including limited versus omniscient, subjective versus objective.
8.7: Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the varied structural patterns and features of literary
nonfiction and respond by providing evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
8.7A: Analyze passages in wellknown speeches for the author’s use of literary devices and word and phrase choice (e.g., aphorisms, epigraphs) to appeal to the audience.
8.8: Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about how an author’s sensory language creates imagery in
literary text and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
8.8A: Explain the effect of similes and extended metaphors in literary text
Culture and History
8.9: Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about the author's purpose in cultural, historical, and contemporary contexts and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. Students are expected
8.9A: Analyze works written on the same topic and compare how the authors achieved similar or different purposes.
8.10: Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about expository text and provide evidence from text to support
their understanding. Students are expected to:
8.10A: Summarize the main ideas, supporting details, and relationships among ideas in text succinctly in ways that maintain meaning and logical order.
8.10B: Distinguish factual claims from commonplace assertions and opinions and evaluate inferences from their logic in text.
8.10C: Make subtle inferences and draw complex conclusions about the ideas in text and their organizational patterns.
8.10D: Synthesize and make logical connections between ideas within a text and across two or three texts representing
similar or different genres and support those findings with textual evidence.
8.11: Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about persuasive text and provide evidence from text to support their analysis. Students are expected to:
8.11A: Compare and contrast persuasive texts that reached different conclusions about the same issue and explain how the authors reached their conclusions through analyzing the evidence each presents.
8.11B: Analyze the use of such rhetorical and logical fallacies as loaded terms, caricatures, leading questions, false assumptions, and incorrect premises in persuasive texts.
8.12: Students understand how to glean and use information in procedural texts and documents. Students are expected to:
8.12A: Analyze text for missing or extraneous information in multi-step directions or legends for diagrams.
8.12B: Evaluate graphics for their clarity in communicating meaning or achieving a specific purpose
8.13: Students use comprehension skills to analyze how words, images, graphics, and sounds work together in various forms to
impact meaning. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater depth in increasingly more complex texts.
Students are expected to:
8.13A: Evaluate the role of media in focusing attention on events and informing opinion on issues.
8.13B: Interpret how visual and sound techniques (e.g., special effects, camera angles, lighting, music) influence the message.
8.13C: Evaluate various techniques used to create a point of view in media and the impact on audience.
8.13D: Assess the correct level of formality and tone for successful participation in various digital media
8.14: Students use elements of the writing process (planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing) to compose text. Students are expected to:
8.14A: Plan a first draft by selecting a genre appropriate for conveying the intended meaning to an audience, determining appropriate topics through a range of strategies (e.g., discussion, background reading, personal interests, interviews), and developing a thesis or controlling idea.
8.14B: Develop drafts by choosing an appropriate organizational strategy (e.g., sequence of events, cause-effect, compare-contrast) and building on ideas to create a focused, organized, and coherent piece of writing.
8.14C: Revise drafts to ensure precise word choice and vivid images; consistent point of view; use of simple, compound, and complex sentences; internal and external coherence; and the use of effective transitions after rethinking how well questions of purpose, audience, and genre have been addressed.
8.14D: Edit drafts for grammar, mechanics, and spelling.
8.14E: Revise final draft in response to feedback from peers and teacher and publish written work for appropriate audiences.
8.15: Students write literary texts to express their ideas and feelings about real or imagined people, events, and ideas.
Students are expected to:
8.15A: Write an imaginative story that:
8.15A.i: Sustains reader interest.
8.15A.ii: includes well-paced action and an engaging story line.
8.15A.iii: creates a specific, believable setting through the use of sensory details.
8.15A.iv: develops interesting characters.
8.15A.v: uses a range of literary strategies and devices to enhance the style and tone.
8.15B: Write a poem using:
8.15B.i: etic techniques (e.g., rhyme scheme, meter).
8.15B.ii: figurative language (e.g., personification, idioms, hyperbole).
8.15B.iii: graphic elements (e.g., word position).
8.16: Students write about their own experiences. Students are expected to:
8.16A: Write a personal narrative that has a clearly defined focus and includes reflections on
decisions, actions, and/or consequences.
Expository and Procedural Texts
8.17: Students write expository and procedural or work-related texts to communicate ideas and information to specific audiences for specific purposes.
8.17A: Write a multi-paragraph essay to convey information about a topic that:
8.17A.i: presents effective introductions and concluding paragraphs.
8.17A.ii: contains a clearly stated purpose or controlling idea.
8.17A.iii: is logically organized with appropriate facts and details and includes no extraneous information or inconsistencies.
8.17A.iv: accurately synthesizes ideas from several sources.
8.17A.v: uses a variety of sentence structures, rhetorical devices, and transitions to link paragraphs.
8.17B: Write a letter that reflects an opinion, registers a complaint, or requests information in a business or friendly context.
8.17C: Write responses to literary or expository texts that demonstrate the use of writing skills for a multi-paragraph essay and provide sustained evidence from the text using quotations when appropriate.
8.17D: Produce a multimedia presentation involving text, graphics, images, and sound using available technology.
8.18: Students write persuasive texts to influence the attitudes or actions of a specific audience on specific issues. Students are
expected to write a persuasive essay to the appropriate audience that:
8.18A: Establishes a clear thesis or position.
8.18B: Considers and responds to the views of others and anticipates and answers reader concerns and counterarguments.
8.18C: Includes evidence that is logically organized to support the author's viewpoint and that differentiates between fact and opinion.
8.19: Students understand the function of and use the conventions of academic language when speaking and writing.
Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
8.19A: Use and understand the function of the following parts of speech in the context of reading, writing, and speaking:
8.19A.i: verbs (perfect and progressive tenses) and participles.
8.19A.ii: appositive phrases.
8.19A.iii: adverbial and adjectival phrases and clauses.
8.19A.iv: relative pronouns (e.g., whose, that, which).
8.19A.v: subordinating conjunctions (e.g., because, since).
8.19B: Write complex sentences and differentiate between main versus subordinate clauses.
8.19C: Use a variety of complete sentences (e.g., simple, compound, complex) that include properly placed modifiers, correctly identified antecedents, parallel structures, and consistent tenses.
Conventions of Language
8.20: Students write legibly and use appropriate capitalization and punctuation conventions in their compositions. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
8.20A: Use conventions of capitalization.
8.20B: Use correct punctuation marks, including:
8.20B.i: commas after introductory structures and dependent adverbial clauses, and correct punctuation of complex sentences.
8.20B.ii: semicolons, colons, hyphens, parentheses, brackets, and ellipses.
8.21: Students spell correctly. Students are expected to:
8.21A: Spell correctly, including using various resources to determine and check correct spellings
Students ask open-ended research questions and develop a plan for answering them. Students are expected to:
8.22A: Brainstorm, consult with others, decide upon a topic, and formulate a major research question to address the major research topic.
8.22B: Apply steps for obtaining and evaluating information from a wide variety of sources and create a written plan after preliminary research in reference works and additional text searches.
8.23: question and systematically record the information they gather. Students are expected to:
8.23A: Follow the research plan to gather information from a range of relevant print and electronic sources using advanced
8.23B: Categorize information thematically in order to see the larger constructs inherent in the information.
8.23C: Record bibliographic information (e.g., author, title, page number) for all notes and sources according to a standard format.
8.23D: Differentiate between paraphrasing and plagiarism and identify the importance of using valid and reliable sources.
8.24: Students clarify research questions and evaluate and synthesize collected information. Students are expected to:
8.24A: Narrow or broaden the major research question, if necessary, based on further research and investigation.
8.24B: Utilize elements that demonstrate the reliability and validity of the sources used (e.g., publication date, coverage,
language, point of view) and explain why one source is more useful and relevant than another.
Organizing and Presenting Ideas
8.25: Students organize and present their ideas and information according to the purpose of the research and their audience.
Students are expected to synthesize the research into a written or an oral presentation that:
8.25A: Draws conclusions and summarizes or paraphrases the findings in a systematic way.
8.25B: Marshals evidence to explain the topic and gives relevant reasons for conclusions.
8.25C: Presents the findings in a meaningful format.
8.25D: Follows accepted formats for integrating quotations and citations into the written text to maintain a flow of ideas
8.26: Students will use comprehension skills to listen attentively to others in formal and informal settings. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
8.26A: Listen to and interpret a speaker's purpose by explaining the content, evaluating the delivery of the presentation, and
asking questions or making comments about the evidence that supports a speaker's claims.
8.26B: Follow and give complex oral instructions to perform specific tasks, answer questions, or solve problems.
8.26C: Summarize formal and informal presentations, distinguish between facts and opinions, and determine the effectiveness of rhetorical devices.
8.27: Students speak clearly and to the point, using the conventions of language. Students will continue to apply earlier
standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
8.27A: Advocate a position using anecdotes, analogies, and/or illustrations, and use eye contact, speaking rate, volume,
enunciation, a variety of natural gestures, and conventions of language to communicate ideas effectively.
8.28: Students work productively with others in teams. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
8.28A: Participate productively in discussions, plan agendas with clear goals and deadlines, set time limits for speakers,
take notes, and vote on key issues
Fig19A: Establish purposes for reading selected texts based upon own or others’ desired outcome to enhance comprehension.
Fig19B: Ask literal, interpretive, evaluative, and universal questions of text.
Fig19C: Reflect on understanding to monitor comprehension (e.g., summarizing and synthesizing; making textual, personal, and world connections; creating sensory images).
Fig19D: Make complex inferences about text and use textual evidence to support understanding.
Fig19E: Summarize, paraphrase, and synthesize texts in ways that maintain meaning and logical order within a text and across texts.
Fig19F: Make intertextual links among and across texts, including other media (e.g., film, play), and provide textual evidence.